Central New Yorkers can handle almost anything Mother Nature can throw at them. Snow in feet is just another Winter day. But subzero temperatures are another story. Here's tips to stay warm and safe in extreme cold weather.

Be sure to dress properly when wind chills are too extreme to even think about.

*Wear loose, lightweight, warm clothing in several layers. Trapped air between the layers acts as an insulator. Layers can be removed to avoid perspiration and subsequent chill.
*Outer garments should be tightly woven, water repellent and hooded.
*Always wear a hat or cap on your head since half of your body heat could be lost through an uncovered head.
*Cover your mouth with a scarf to protect your lungs from extreme cold.
*Mittens, snug at the wrist, are better than gloves because fingers maintain more warmth when they touch each other.

Cold temperatures put an extra strain on your heart. Heavy exertion, like shoveling snow, clearing debris or pushing a car can increase the risk of a heart attack. Here's a few things to keep in mind when working outdoors.

TIPS:
*SLOW DOWN when working outdoors.
*Take frequent breaks.
*If you feel chest pain -- STOP and seek help immediately.

Prolonged exposure to cold temperatures can cause hypothermia, especially in children and the elderly. Keep a close eye on these symptoms to avoid getting hypothermia.

HYPOTHERMIA SYMPTOMS:
*Inability to concentrate
*Poor coordination
*Slurred speech
*Drowsiness
*Exhaustion
*Uncontrollable shivering, followed by a sudden lack of shivering

If a person's body temperature drops below 95 degrees Fahrenheit, get emergency medical assistance immediately. Remove wet clothing, wrap the victim in warm blankets and give warm, non-alcoholic, non-caffeinated liquids until help arrives.

Frostbite

You can get frostbite and not even know it. There is no pain associated with the early stages, so watch for these danger signs:

*Numb skin that may become flushed. Then it turns white or grayish-yellow.
*Frostbitten skin feels cold to the touch.

If frostbite is suspected, move somewhere warm. Cover the frostbitten area with something warm and dry. Never rub it!

Then get to a doctor or hospital as quickly as possible.


Winter Weather Preparation:

  • Keep your cell phone charged and make sure you know where your backup power supply is.
  • Make sure all your flashlights have fresh batteries.
  • Fill your gas tank. You can use your car to keep warm and recharge devices.
  • Have some food available that you don’t need to cook.
  • Download the Big Frog 104 App. You’ll receive local alerts, weather reports and more with push notifications.

FOR POWER OUTAGES:
Get up to information on power outages throughout Central New York; where it’s out and when it’ll be restored with National Grid’s Power Outage Map.

National Grid also offers text alerts on the latest efforts to restore power.

To receive free text message alerts and updates, text the word STORM to NGRID (64743). E-mail alerts are available to customers who create an online profile on the company’s website. All alert services can be started and stopped at the customer’s request.

You can even report power outages or get the latest information at National Grid’s website.

Power Outage Preparation:
*Keep your cell phone charged and make sure you know where your backup power supply is.
*Make sure all your flashlights have fresh batteries.
*Fill your gas tank. You can use your car to keep warm and recharge devices.
*Have some food available that you don’t need to cook.
* Download the Big Frog 104 App. You’ll receive local alerts, weather reports and more with push notification.